.As you can tell this is a continuation of the Mary II of Scotland deviation.[link]
original picture, i tried to make her look older. The original women is Princess Elizabeth of the United Kingdom, daughter of George the III and thus does have some Stuart in her. If anyone was to bother looking her up and saw the second picture of Elizabeth Rowena would not look so much like that, i more think of her as just that picture.
Rowena was to be the last of the House of Wurttemburg and the last person to sit on the throne for 55 years following her death at the hands of revolutionary Socialists in 1890.
Rowena's father was King Albert, son of the rather non proper King James. Albert was almost an opposite of his father and was a highly religious, strict and overall plain man. Albert did not put much effort into ruling the Kingdom leaving it up to the parliament, the move wasn't to popular among the citizens who viewed the parliament as a more dangerous exploiting force (mainly in the countryside with locals becoming fearful that the Lords would kick them out of their homes for a agricultural revolution). So Albert wasn't the most popular man.
Albert never married for most of his life when he did it was Ailean MacLeod. Ailean was decedent from a Anglified/Protestantized family who were once a pretty strong clan of the Western Isles now more minor Lords. The marriage wasn't particularly popular among the Scots population as in this world the Gaels (or Erse in Scots, meaning Irish) were still largely remembered as barbarian thieves from the hills as opposed to the idea of some noble savage. Some did like the idea of the noble savage but they weren't that big and were viewed as radical.
It also seemed that Albert and Ailean would produce no heir and due to increasing pressure Albert decided to name his younger brother by 1 year heir to the throne.
As we know Albert did produce an heir not so long before he was dragged from his bed and slashed to pieces in a uprising that foreshadowed things to come. Albert did predict it and asked his cousin, then King of the British Empire, to take his then pregnant wife from the country. And so he did, taking Ailean first to England then on the long voyage to Australia. This would also highlight a future attitude of England, they didn't much care for Ailean and the revolutionaries were half supported by Britain.
The early revolutionaries however were nothing more than a savage mob who were quickly taken down. With Albert's death his brother was crowned King Norman of Scotland. Norman was a pretty good king in the eyes of many, though brutal, tough, closely working with parliament and overall not a very pleasant man personally he did a good job at staving off the revolutionaries until his death.
As we know Rowena was born, but in a rather odd place. She was born in Australia not that long after they got off the boat, her mother died shortly after. Rowena was primarily raised by Angus Donald, a Gael himself. She was given quite good land in Australia but nobody expected her to return to Scotland. Her uncle decided early on that allowing Rowena into Scotland wouldn't be a good idea afterall technically he should only be regent to her and with her not in the public picture his rule more legitimate. Helping him achieving the goal was highlighting her Gaelic ancestry and the bad rule of her father.
Rowena's life in Australia was alright, nothing to special. Angus fed her stories of his idea of a Gaelic Scotland and a land of mountains and sea. Most of the servants were from Australia itself making Angus the only real link back to the fact that she was royalty rather than just someone in Australia with a big house and money. She did not get along with the heat so was ill allot of the time, Angus frequently asked the British to move them to the likes of Canada but were always denied.
She received a large shock when she was 15. The house was attacked at night in an attempt to kill her but confusion and probably some selfless acts by others she did escape, her beloved Angus however was dead.
Her attacks were never known so could of been revolutionaries or British authorities.
(you may be thinking why doesn't Britain just kill already? Well its not that simple of course the ruling powers of England are fairly divided on the issue, in secret of course.)
Feeling rather lost and hopeless she was moved to South Africa into a much more secure place which she came to hate. In Africa she became more and more lonely as can be expected if you had only one friend and he was now dead. She took up artistic pursuits, writing, reading, history along with adding Dutch, Latin, French, Spanish and German (in various degrees of proficiency) to Scots, English and Gaelic. Rowena would be the first monarch to speak Gaelic in close to 500 ish years, even then the last one to speak it seemed to have it more of a hobby as his forefathers spoke Scots, older versions of English or French primarily.
At the age of 19 Rowena learned that her childless uncle had declared her heir to the throne, 1 year later Norman popped his clogs. Rowena came to Scotland with a rather fantasy view of it and was really not prepared for the enormous task that awaited her.
She did have a rival to the throne, a cousin raised in Russia. However he never really sought the throne so those who wanted him could of course do very little.
Rowena was fairly baffled by the affairs of the parliament and her shyness did not help affairs. After 2 years on the throne Rowena pretty much locked herself in Edinburgh castle in an attempt to escape from the world of the court and the increasing hostilities against her, the parliament mocked her whilst the people resented her.
However her life changed on her 23rd birthday when a man her age decided to brave her quarters of the castle to give her something for her birthday (her previous birthdays were just lonely presentless, by request, affairs by herself pretty much), Rowena was delighted to learn that the man (called Charles) was a MacLeod like her mother and the two got on from there.
It wasn't long until Rowena left Edinbugh with Charles to the Scotland she knew from stories and escaped the Lowlands. Within a year they married blissfully unaware of the scandal it caused and the hate thrown at her. Parliament was overall unsure on what to do in the situation other than quell revolutionaries and continue running the country. The disgruntled peasants were also split up and confused into various factions. And so as Rowena and Charles lived in their little Gaelic bubble the volcano of Scots politics was soon to erupt.
The eruption was in 1890 when the rather radical Socialist group simple titled Scots Socialists, or the Socialists, rose in a well organized violent rebellion. Britain sent troops in to quite literally help both sides, just depended on who was top of the chain of command. Britain pulled out to avoid the mess boiling over into their country by the end of the year. Infamously one group of British soldiers became known for capturing Rowena and Charles (along with a baby) and handing them over to the Socialists who executed both.
This is also when Rowena's Russian cousin made a claim to the throne.
And so the age of Socialism began in Scotland. In 1890 Scotland was a very rural and backward country, most were peasants whilst those on the coast in either city or town found they weren't under a lord in one of the many Burghs (not pronounced how its spelt btw, probably more like the northern English version). Lords had for many years tried to clear the peasants from the land for sheep for many years but the Kings had very much curtailed this (happened more in the Highlands when the Gaels were still destroyed almost) making the Kings the heroes of the farmers.
The Socialists were pretty brutal in stamping out resistance, eventually however they did gain control. The early years, up to about 1905 ish for many there wasn't actual that much change in the country. A Republic was set up, merchants were stamped out, estates were dismantled, farmers essentially became free but were ordered to produce a certain amount of goods to feed others. The capital was also moved to the then rather small city of Dundee.
Past 1905 saw the start of the city expansion schemes built in essence from slave labour. People were ordered to built many tenements for no pay other than perhaps extra food. It was curtailed with the outbreak of WW1 as Britain secured Scottish waters and the like to stop German invasion. Generally people didn't agree with it but the republic was seized by dictator John Burns and disagreeing was not an option.
Burn's dictatorship marked a new direction for the country. Religion started to be actively stamped out, tons of people were taken from the countryside (leaving, like today, many abandoned houses and so forth), collective farms were established, a proper education system was established and cities greatly expanded. As before the work was pretty slave like, the stye of these new buildings was fairly art-deco whilst housing was largely high rises to accommodate the former farmers who would fuel the new industrialization.
Burn's took a tumble with Britain as Communism won in Russia and then by the late 20's in Germany, Burn's also began branding himself a Communist. Communism of this world also never lost the world revolution idea. In the 30's the Communists invaded several countries in Europe and the USSR declared war on Japan, so world war 2 began in 1937. The main theaters was Germany in France and Italy, USSR in Asia and the Middle-East. All of Europe except Spain, Portugal and Britain fell under to the brutal boot of Communism. The USSR struggled in the Middle-East but had more success in China by hijacking the Communist movement there.
For Scotland Germany and the USSR tried to send troops to Scotland but were intercepted by the might of the Royal Navy. Scotland was invaded in 1938-1940 bringing a good deal of damage to the country from both sides.
WW2 itself ended in 1949 as much of Russia had nukes dropped on them in a our world Japan style. Overall it was a very bloody war of course, i imagine more than 60 million died anyway.
In the aftermath America encouraged nationlism and general pride in ones country, family values and so forth (certainly don't expect much immigration to Europe). Despite no Soviet threat most of Europe was built up again pretty quick, Germany was actually oddly enough encouraged to be Nationalistic after the war (not that many Germans had agreed with the Communism anyway) so they didn't loose much German territory. Russia was divided up into the various former Soviet Republics, a new nation of Siberia, Finland gained allot of territory along with Poland, Ukraine and smaller ethnic groups within Russia.
America kind of had a brief Cold ish War with Japan over Japans continued Imperial mindset, but the mindset quickly collapsed when they realized they couldn't afford it post war. None the less Japan was America's biggest rival through most of the 20th century.
In more recent years it would probably be Republican China who start to rival America.
The Russian cousin of Rowena when he was kicked out of Russia went to America and as i said continued to claim kingship but never gained it in his life time, his son, Peter, however did.
Peter became king (constitutional) in 1950 and started the Romanov house also probably being the most likely to retake the Russian throne, it would be a very odd personal Union. Peter also converted to Protestantism.
Scotland remained a fairly urbanized country dominated by the Socialist architecture. The country life did become popular and romanticized, however the ability to move primarily became the realm of the well off. The good old Left Right divide (originally Republican and Royalist, didn't like them so changed them as you can see) stayed though of course changed. It became common for the right to generalize the left as Socialists whilst it became common for the left to generalize the Right as supporting dictators. Overall they both varied. Culture wise they kept up divided views on culture with the Left being more Celtic leaning and the Right being more Germanic leaning.
Religion is still springing back into peoples lives and Scotland remains a fairly religious place, Scots i do wonder how it would stand up to mass media as a proper language being the closest language to English. Without the Union however it would have less English influence.
Government probably took allot from America when it was reconstructed after the war same with say education and the name of the currency. Populations still probably fairly low at perhaps 2 ish million, with it being about 1 million before the revolution.
As for the rest of the world when it comes to Communism its become a dirty word just like Nazi has in our world, the symbols and such are probably banned in Germany and Russia and plenty of stuffed is banned in most countries. Children are told the grisly tales of Communist regimes and the evil they brought to the world is ceaseless stamped into peoples brains, much like Nazism nowadays.
When it comes to culture. I could actual see a bit of a Fallout parallel with the hay-day 50's/early 60's lifestyle of luxury holding tightly onto the Western world for as long as it can whilst still greatly influencing things. With the 70's and any real threat from Japan the 50's culture would probably start to fade, country stuff may become popular in America/the West as America kinda beams with joy at being sole masters of the world, thus forms of rock like stuff would develop. 80's would see the world not being quite so rosy as China rises up to challenge America, so perhaps blacks not segregated more peaceful ish movements and so forth. 90's it just continues further pretty much not much to see. First 10 years of the 21st century is where the 80's and 90's culture flop probably as new technology kicks off and stuff like electronic music may come about.
Technology wise with no real Cold War i think its going to stagnate a bit. Probably variations of the 50's right into the 70's and slowly start to increase in the 80's. Late 80's and 90's would have a slow rise in technology rather than great leaps.
Then the 21st century comes to really feel like a new century. Technology i could see really going forward as the race with China becomes more serious. What would the technology be like? Probably late 90's ish i think with some grand thoughts for the future.
For most it seems like a glorious new science fiction century, for others it seems like the world is going to go boom.